Energy drinks contain a host of stimulants and energy-giving foods that are used to revitalize the body’s cells by re-energizing muscle and brain cells. The main stimulant used in energy drinks is caffeine (Gunja and Jared 46). Caffeine is a mild stimulating drug that causes increase nervous activity and expands the functioning of neural nerves. The use of this energy-giving drug is often so as to calm nerves and aid one open up nonfunctioning neural pathways. Normally, caffeine is present is more than half of the beverages consumed by most people. Indeed, it is the stimulant used in tea, coffee and some of the syrups taken for a host of cardiac infections. Aside from the caffeine content, energy drinks also contain a host of sugars. This is often balanced between soluble, insoluble, high fiber and even sugars that energize the consumer.
However, it is of great importance to note that these energy drinks could be doing more harm than good to the consumers by predisposing them to a wide range of health hazards. The sad fact is that most of the energy drinks taken are hardly properly researched on. They are liquids full of calories. The sugar content is high and the composition of high-energy calories in kilojoules per mole is often above the recommended amount. A good number ranges between 100 and 150 kj/mol but some extend this sugar content to about 250. Calories in the energy drinks do not just come from the sugars alone but the caffeine as well. According to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), the acceptable content of caffeine in the body is about 400g/mol. However, there are no known specific effects of exceeding this amount (Gunja and Jared 46). These scholars also enlighten that high-calorie intake not only increases body weight as well as stress but also predisposes an individual to a risk of developing a number of chronic diseases ranging from cardiac disease, type 2 diabetes to a wide range of cancers.
Cardiac arrest can also develop as a result of that is triggered by the high blood pressure the energy drinks expose the consumers to. When one takes a lot of sugar, there is a lot of energy revitalization of the body. This is accompanied by a fast-paced pace-maker, hence a higher heart rate. As the heartbeat keeps increasing over years, the heart may develop a cardiac arrest. The cardiac arrest takes place after many years of exposure to blood pressure and very high muscle-breakdown activities followed by irresponsible muscle repair diets such as energy drinks. Energy drinks often lead to more and faster circulation, high-energy and vasodilatation. This is risky for the heart because as it continues to adjust its homeostasis controls, the rate of the heart beat may become unbearably high for the athlete or consumer. Cardiac arrest in most cases will affect athletes other than recreational energy drink consumers.
The effects of caffeine on the body are more pronounced than the effects of the sugars used in the energy drinks. Caffeine is nonetheless not the ingredient that makes the energy drinks considered as so. The sugars in the drink determine the energy released into the body. This is why, despite significant caffeine levels, sodas and other soft drinks and beverages are not considered energy drinks. The energy remitted by the caffeine is as a result of the body’s reaction to the drug. Addiction to caffeine is possible due to the stimulation of the hypothalamus. Over time, it becomes used to such kind of stimulation and may not be able to effectively serve its regulatory role without the stimulant (Gunja and Jared 49). As the consumer changes their diet patterns, they suffer withdrawal symptoms. It is such symptoms that lead to headaches and migraines, completely committing the consumer to the drug.
Caffeine is the most commonly used stimulant. As a result, it is likely the most addictive of the category of drugs. Caffeine consumption is tea, coffee or soft drinks is however not similar to caffeine consumption in energy drinks. The state of a person taking several energy drinks is often a hyper-inflated personality and may often lead to a disorder as well (Gunja and Jared 47). Insomnia is one common disorder associated with caffeine. As a result of taking the drug, the body develops a sense of increased brain activity that lessens the sleep. This happens over time to the point that the body is fully and wholly unable to control sleep patterns. The resulting effect is insomnia. Insomnia may seen harmless but increased fatigue may lead to general body weakness and minimized metabolism and homeostasis control as one ages.
Other health hazards that have been linked to the consumption of energy drinks include increased anxiety, hypertension, addiction, nervousness, hypersensitivity, and hormonal imbalance.
Energy drinks are essential when the body is low in sugar and vital components. However, there is often the challenge that as the body becomes energized, there is too much energy for the human being to use. It is necessary to regulate the amount of energy foods consumed at a time. Taking a lot of energy drinks is equivocal to over-consuming carbohydrates. There should be more research on the effect of caffeine and sugars on the body. It would help to know potentially lethal doses, signs of addiction and basically harmful practices with regard to carbohydrate consumption. The use of these foods ought to be regulated by governments as well. Energy drinks have benefits but in all truth, avoiding to consume energy drinks and using balanced foods and diet therapies maybe more beneficial.
Gunja, Naren, and Jared A. Brown. “Energy drinks: health risks and toxicity.” Med J Aust 196.1 (2012): 46-49.