Most professional nursing bodies such as the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) are in support of the notion that education plays a significant purpose when it comes to the competencies, and knowledge of the nurses and other all health care providers (Institute of Medicine, 2010). Nurses accredited with a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) are in a better position to meet the demands of the current nursing demands. BSN owners are valued because of their skills in leadership, critical thinking, health promotion, case management, as well as health promotion. Nurses with BSN also have the ability to practice nursing across a variety of outpatient as well as inpatient settings.
Florence Nightingale developed the first nursing curriculum in the year 1860 to meet the demands of the hospital. This enabled individuals who are not religious organizations and military to become nurses. However, in the year 1923, Yale University set up nursing programs that are based on education needs instead of hospital needs setting the foundation for future nursing education.
Different groups such as nurse executives, healthcare foundations, the military, and the federal government, and nursing organizations champion for an increase in the number of BSN nurses in all the clinical setting. The reason is that education influences nursing care and the notion that it results in positive patient outcomes. The BSN programs give more detailed knowledge concerning healthcare in comparison with diploma nurse or the associate-degree.
The main nursing skills requisite for nurses that provide the basis for professional practice include liberal arts education and evidence-based practice. Liberal Arts education is among the skills acquired through education that provide nurses with the ability to integrate and put into use behavioral, social, political, biological and economic concepts into practice (O’ Daniel, M., & Rosenstein, 2008). On the other hand, evidence-based practice is also important as it empowers nurses and expands their skills that lead to improved patient outcomes, job satisfaction, and decreased unnecessary complications and procedures (Elliott, 2011).
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Concepts are essentially thoughts, ideas and general notions about a class of objects that forms the foundation for actions or discussions in nursing. Some of the basic concepts that underpin professional nursing practice include human being and the environment. Nurses in primary healthcare often deal with human behavior when dealing with patients and their families (Hood, 2014). In such a situation, a nurse should underpin his or her practices on nursing principles and theoretical base.
The concept of environment is also important in primary healthcare. The environment about nursing refers to the summary of all factors that surround and has an impact on the behavior of individual or collectivity. That is the external factors that affect the life and development of patients.
Some of the key characteristics of professional nurses include compassion and good communication skills. Nurses should have the compassion to provide effective care to patients in primary health care who are under emotional stress and physical pain. Nurses must always remain calm, cool and collected even in situations where there is an emergency. Nurses must also possess good communication skills (American Nurses Association, n.d.). Good communication skills in nursing is important in listening and understanding doctor’s instructions and patient concerns, as well as passing information to both medical professionals and non-medical staff.
Hood, L. J. (2014). Leddy & Pepper’s conceptual bases of professional nursing (8th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
American Nurses Association. (n.d.) Ana/AONE principles for collaborative relationships between clinical nurses and nurse managers. Retrieved from http://www.nursingworld.org/principlesofcollaborativerelationships
Elliott, R. (2011). Evidence-based nursing practice: Is it necessary? Nephrology Nursing Journal, 38(4), 309-36. Retrieved from http://www.annanurse.org/nnj
O’ Daniel, M., & Rosenstein, A. (2008). Professional communication and team collaboration.
Institute of Medicine. (2010). The future of nursing: Focus on education [Brief]. Retrieved from http://www.iom.edu/~/media/Files/Report%20Files/2010/The-Future-of-Nursing/Nursing%20Education%202010%20Brief.pdf